Not many people question the value of domain names. Multi-million dollar domain names are nothing new. But as we grow more comfortable understanding the true value of domain names, the steps users take to secure those domain names is severally lacking.
This can lead to the stunning realization that a domain name has been transferred out of your possession. You didn’t feel it, you didn’t see it, and there is next to no evidence readily available to figure what happened. You are a victim of domain name theft. To read an example of this, check our the HuffPo article on the theft of MLA.com
Over the past year, we have noticed a considerable rise in instances of domain theft, often emanating from overseas hackers. Owners of valuable domain portfolios need to pay attention to this trend and take the steps necessary to reduce the risk of losing valuable property. It’s time to treat your domains like the valuables in your home.
Only Use Registrars That Offer Two-Factor Authentication
The best advice to preventing domain theft is using a registrar that requires two-factor authentication (2FA). As we previously discussed, registrars that do not use 2FA could be opening themselves up to liability. However, you should avoid the problem all together by ensuring your registrar requires two forms of authentication to alter a domain’s settings. This is especially important given the phishing scams arising from ICANN’s relatively new WHOIS accuracy program, explained below.
Beware of Phishing Attacks
Phishing is generally referred to the attempt to acquire information by masquerading as a trustworthy source.
ICANN’s “WHOIS Accuracy Data Specification” requirement, while well intended, has opened the door for these types of attacks. This requirement states that within 15 days after changes to a WHOIS record, the registrar must verify the changes. The registrar will attempt to verify this change by sending a confirmation email.
This gives enterprising hackers a wonderful option. If a hacker can determine that a site was recently updated, it can send a fake-verification email that could lead to any number of bad results.
If you have recently transferred a domain or changed a WHOIS record, take great care in responding to the registrar verification emails.
Use Private WHOIS Listings
Many times hackers gain access to a domain owner’s email account and use that to access the domain owner’s registrar account. Once inside the registrar account, the hacker can easily transfer out the domains to another registrar.
A simple way to prevent this is to prevent the public from seeing the email addresses associated with your domains by using a private WHOIS listing. Many domain privacy services exist and for a small fee, you can keep your information from prying eyes.
Revision Legal’s Internet attorneys help people recover stolen domains. If you find yourself in this position, contact us today.